Afghanistan or Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a country of rough and rocky contour enveloped by the Hindu Kush Mountains. The highest peak found here is
Nowshak which is situated at a height of 7,485 above sea level. It is an inland area bounded by arid land on all sides with no coastlines to be seen anywhere. Afghanistan or the Land of The Afghans is situated in Central Asia bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the west and the People's Republic of China in the far northeast. It is the 41st major country in the world covering an area of 647,500square kilometers. The capital city is Kabul.
The climate of Afghanistan is continental having sweltering hot summers and frosty winters. The country experiences recurrent minor earthquakes mostly in the areas lying in the north-eastern side of Hindu Kush Mountains.
It is among the poorest and underdeveloped countries in the world. A greater part of the inhabitants survives on less than $ 2 per day. Afghanistan has been devastated by wars and invasions of the Persian Empire, Muslim Arabs, Alexander the Great, Turkic and Mongol nomads, British Empire, the Soviet Union and the United States of America. The invasions have left the economy in a wanting state.
Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan. It is located in the heart of the country on the Kabul River. Its height of about 1800m (5900ft) makes Kabul one of the peak capital cities in the world. Kabul counts around 1 million inhabitants; the populace is composed of a majority group of Tajiks and an significant minority of Pashtuns.
In the past Kabul has been a very important economic and cultural centre because of its proximity to the Khyber Pass located in the mountains dividing Afghanistan from Pakistan. Some of the typical manufacturing products of Kabul are: textiles, processed food, chemicals and wood products.
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Kabul has a University founded in 1932. It was the most important and best known centre of higher education all over the region in the years between 1970 and 1980; unfortunately it got closed because of the war in 1992. Today it ha been reopened in part, but only a few students are attending it. For having the same success as in the past it would need to be restructured.
Mazar-e-sharif is an archaeological city in Afghanistan. With a inhabitants of over 300,000 residents, it is the fourth largest city in the country and the capital of the Balkh Province. In the native language, Mazar-e-sharif means ‘Noble Shrine’.
The climate of Mazar-e-sharif ranges from semi-arid to arid. Summers are exceptionally hot while winters can be tremendously cold. Winters also witness regular snowfall. Basically, regardless of the season, the hostesses are tending towards the extremes.
Mazar-e-sharif was a small resolution in the early nineteenth century. In the recent times, the city has urbanized with a growing economy which is based on agriculture, cotton, karakul, carpets and gas.
The five lakes of Band-e Amir are arguably Afghanistan's maximum natural asset. The group of five lakes is cooperatively known as Band-e- Amir. Band-e-Amir lakes are also considered the lakes of jewels. Lakes of Band e Amir are formed obviously with special geological formations. Color of the water is deep blue prosperous with amazing natural beauty
Minaret of Jam
Minaret of Jam, a glorious miner, is one of the buildings listed in the UNESCO's world heritage list. Minaret of jam is also called Minaret of Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad bin Sam. Minaret of Jam is quite isolated in itself, located in a remote valley next to the Hari Rud River.