The World Bank uses factors such as the economy, health, education and environment to determine how developed a country is. For the economy, the gross national income is divided by the population of the country at midyear. For health, Life expectancy is used. Life expectancy here refers to the number of years an infant is expected to live if the rate of mortality at the time of its birth persists throughout its life. For the environment, the efforts made to protect natural resources and to curb pollution are taken into consideration. For education the number of children of school going age that are in school and that actually complete primary education is considered. Based on these factors, the following countries feature are on top the list of least developed countries.
It should come as no surprise that this country that has been war torn for many years is on the list of least developed countries. Even with improvements in economic growth over the years, the country is still in the poverty zone. The life expectancy is very low at less than 45 years of age and a huge chunk of the population can barely afford to eat daily. The rate at which children go to school is just about increasing and the lack of interest in education is evident in the high adult illiteracy rate. This rate is especially high among women.
Angola made the list of least developed countries in 1994 thanks to its prevailing circumstances at the time. However, over the years, there have been huge improvements in the country’s economy although much still has to be done in its social sector. However, this is one of the countries that is on its way to exiting the Least developed nations club.
This is another country that is on the way to graduating from the list of least developed countries. The countries economy while noticing good improvements still has to reflect on the majority of the population. This country with over 140 million people has a system that shows vast disparity in the distribution of wealth. The gap between the poor and the rich is so obvious. Inflation is a major problem in the country and most of the population can barely afford to eat daily. Due to the high population and relatively poor economic situation, access to basic social services like health and education is not often straight forward.
Benin may be experiencing some difficulties certain aspect of the human development index but it is still in the right track when it comes to efforts to help it exit the list of least developed countries. According to the government of Benin, the country is expecting to make its exit from this list and all efforts are being made to see this happen by 2020.
This country has made huge improvements over the years and is expecting to make its exit from the least developed countries least by 2021. Mortality rates has improved over the years as well as school enrollment and completion rates.
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