Djibouti is named after its capital city, a major port situated on important shipping routes between Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. Before independence in 1977, it was called the Territory of the Afars and Issas, who are the country’s two major ethnic groups. The Afars were converted to Islam in the 800s and fought several wars against their Christian neighbor, Ethiopia. The Issas, also Muslims, moved into the south of the Afars’ territory from what is now Somalia.
The economy of the country is mainly dependent on shipping. The capital city has been the main trading port for Ethiopia...More