Eritrea became an independent country in 1993, after a long war. It had been a province of neighboring Ethiopia. The history of Eritrea has been linked with that of Ethiopia since the A.D. 300s, when the area was part of the powerful ancient Ethiopian kingdom of Aksum. Eritrea became first an Italian and then a British colony, rejoining Ethiopia in 1952. Eritrea is a small country on the coast of the Red Sea. Most of the land is mountain and desert. The narrow coastal plain includes some of the hottest places on Earth – in the port city of Mitsiwa.
The average annual temperature is a...More