Although much of Mauritania is made up of the parched Sahara, most people depend on the land for their livelihood. In the south, along the Senegal River, hardy crops such as sorghum, millet, and peanuts are grown. During the 1980s, widespread famine struck when drought killed livestock and crops, forcing many people to move to the towns and cities. Today, the fishing and mining industries are being developed since there are plentiful stocks of fish off the coast and the land is rich in iron ore.
People of Arab and Berber origin (called Moors, make up about three-fourths of the population...More