New Caledonia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean, is an overseas territory of France. It consists of the island of New Caledonia and several outlying islands, principally the Loyalty Island, the Isle of Pines, and the Belep Islands. The island of New Caledonia, the largest in the group, is circled by one of the world’s largest barrier reefs. Its landscape stretches across the rugged mountains, forests, and open grasslands.
The original inhabitants of New Caledonia were the Kanaks, a group of Melanesian people whose ancestors probably came from the islands of Papua New Guinea. The...More