Facts about Serbia
Facts about Serbia
Basic FactsThe Republic of Serbia is a democratic state of all of its citizens. Its history and achievements make it an integral part of modern civilisation and the international community.
Apart from Serbia proper, the Republic of Serbia comprises two autonomous provinces: Vojvodina and Kosovo-Metohija. Belgrade is the capital of Serbia. With a population of 1,576,124 million, it is the country's administrative, economic and cultural centre.
Situated at the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers, Belgrade is an ancient settlement, whose oldest archaeological findings date back to the 5th millennium BC. It was founded as Singidunum by a Celtic tribe in the 3rd century BC, while the first mention of Belgrade dates back to 989. Throughout its long and turbulent history, Belgrade has been captured by 40 armies and has risen 38 times from the ashes.
Today, Belgrade is the political and administrative capital of Serbia. With its 1,576,124 million inhabitants according to the 2002 census, the city is of major importance in traffic and communications. Besides its significance as a road and rail junction, Belgrade is an important international river-to-sea, airport and telecommunications centre. It possesses important agricultural and industrial capacities, particularly in the metal, ferrous metal and electronic industries, followed by trade and banking. The greater Belgrade area, with the cities of Smederevo and Pancevo, encompasses 2000 square metres of a free trade zone located on the banks of the Danube. Belgrade earns 30 percent of Serbia's total GDP.
Belgrade is also the capital of Serbian culture. It has the greatest concentration of science and art institutions of national importance. It is the seat of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts, founded in 1886 as the Serbian Royal Academy; the Serbian National Library, founded in 1832; the National Museum, founded in 1841 and the National Theatre, founded in 1869. The city is also the seat of Belgrade University, founded in 1808 as the Great School, and the University of Arts.
Belgrade enjoys the status of a special district in Serbia, with its autonomous authorities of the City Assembly, Belgrade mayor and the City Government. Its territory is divided into 17 municipalities which have their local government bodies.